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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl3393\margr3320\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3393\margrsxn3320\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li792\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx5434 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 SO-CALLED HISTORICAL LITERATURE{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw0 3}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li2\fi0\ri0\sb230\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Epics\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 the \i Kamayana \i0 and the \i Mababbarata\i0\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 represent \expndtw1 the first notable attempts of the ancient Hindus in this \expndtw12 direction. No doubt, they give interesting pictures \expndtw6 of the then religious and social conditions, but as \expndtw1 chronicles of political events they seem lamentably full \expndtw9 of tale-telling and chronological aberrations. Next \expndtw3 come the \i Purdnas, \i0 eighteen in number, which are said \expndtw6 to have been recited by the \i Suta \i0 Lomaharsana or his \expndtw7 son \i (Sautiy \i0 Ugrasravas. Normally, they should deal \expndtw2 with five set subjects, \i m^ (a) Sarga \i0 (primary creation), \i\expndtw-2 (fc) Pratisarga \i0 (re-creation after periodical dissolution of \expndtw-3 the universe), (<r) \i Vamsa \i0 (genealogies of gods and \i\charscalex93\expndtw1 EJsis), \i0 (/) \i Manvantara \i0 (groups of \i mahayuga \i0 "great ages" \charscalex100\expndtw-2 in a \i Kalpa \i0 or seon, id. each of which the first father of \expndtw5 mankind was Manu), \i (e) Vamsdnucarita \i0 (histories of \expndtw0 old dynasties of kings). Of these, the last topic alone is \expndtw2 important for the purpose of history, but it is found in \charscalex93\expndtw-1 the \i Matsya, Vdju, Visnu, Brahmdnda, JShdgavata \i0 and \i\charscalex100\expndtw8 Bbavisya \i0 only out of the extant Puranas. Thus, most \expndtw3 of these "collections of "old world\super 3\nosupersub  legends" have got no historical value whatsoever. Even the rest contain \expndtw1 much that is manifestly mythological and altogether \expndtw0 confused from the chronological point of view.\super 1\nosupersub  They \expndtw6 sometimes treat contemporaneous dynasties or rulers \expndtw0 as successive, or omit some of them entirely (e.g., the \i\expndtw-1 Puranas \i0 are silent about the Kushans, Indo-Greeks \expndtw7 Indo-Parthians, etc.). No dates are given, and even \expndtw5 names of kings are not unoften inaccurate (cf. the list \expndtw1 of Andhra kings). Notwithstanding these defects, the \i\expndtw7 Puranas \i0 certainly transmit scraps of historical data, \expndtw4 and it would not be fair to disparage their authority \expndtw12 roundly* Among other early productions relevant}\par }